Dennis Nickerson has never really milked cows,
nor especially liked the concept, so it's surprising to discover
that he collects milking machines and related accessories. "When my
brother-in-law hurt his back, I helped him, milking for a few
days," says the Menahga, Minn., man. "And I've worked on dairy
farms, but I avoided milking."
So how did he get interested in milking machines? Through his
interest in gasoline engines. In 1983, Dennis added a 1947
International Harvester LB engine to his collection. When he went
to the seller's farm to retrieve the engine, "we found it still
hooked to a vacuum pump."
The seller offered a variety of milking-related items: a vacuum
pump, two stainless steel IH buckets, a lye crock, vacuum gauge,
regulator and other fittings, and a manual. "That got me started in
the hobby," Dennis says, "and looking for engines and vacuum pumps
for milking machines. I thought it would be interesting to have old
milking machines and vacuum pumps that ran, so I kept on picking up
older ones." Eventually Dennis' sons, Warren and Arlan, took up the
hobby with him.
The next milking machine the trio acquired was a 1937 IH
McCormick-Deering with a 1-1/2 hp engine, one of
McCormick-Deering's first engines. Dennis bought it at an auction,
but without the vacuum pump. "We found the pump at a flea market
somewhere," he says.
Probably their most unusual milking machine is an Ideal. "We
have a catalog on milking machines, Milking Machine Guide
by Paul Dettloff DVM," Dennis says. "It says not much is known
about Ideal milking machines, which means there probably weren't
many made. It's just an oddball we picked up at a flea market in
southern Minnesota. If I remember right, we paid $50 for that
Their oldest milking machine is a Pine Tree Pulsator, made by
Babson Bros., Chicago. Dennis' favorite one is the one that started
it all, the 1947 IH LB milking machine. "I always liked IH
tractors, and we collect IH stuff," he says. "I guess you always
have an attachment to the first of anything that you get."
Their Rite-Way Swing milking machine, originally from Kansas,
was bought at a flea market. "It looks like a vacuum cleaner,"
Dennis says. "After we got to talking to the guy about it, he said
Kansas State University was a test site for the Rite-Way milking
machine." It was manufactured by the Rite-Way Product Co. in
Chicago, and was connected to the Massey-Harris Co. of Racine,
Wis., as well.
Another in their collection is the Empire Mechanical Milker,
which, despite its fancy name, worked just like any other milking
machine, Dennis says. "It has the cups and everything like all the
rest," he says. "I think that was just a name they gave it to
advertise it." The company's claim to fame was made in their ads,
which stated that the Empire Mechanical Milker worked "just like a
sucking calf." These were made by Empire Cream Separator Co. of
The Clean-Easy was manufactured by one of the companies that had
multiple places of business, Dennis says, made by Ben H. Anderson
Manufacturing Co. of Clearwater, Fla., but also in Wisconsin. "The
reason I remembered that was because in a previous issue of
Farm Collector a woman asked if anyone had information
about the Clean-Easy, and I copied the information out of the book
and sent it to her. In her return letter she said she hadn't found
out anything else about it."
A year ago the collection grew quickly when a man offered them
three IH milking machines after a show. "He said, 'I'd rather see
somebody use them than they just go to waste.' All we had to do was
go and pick them up."
The milking machine Dennis has put the most work into is the
Hinman Milking Machine made by a company of the same name in
Minneapolis. "I fixed the vacuum pump once, but after I got it
going at a show, it froze, and I had to take it all apart
A routine challenge in collecting milking equipment is finding a
unit with a working vacuum compressor wheel. The wheels aren't
difficult to fix, Dennis notes, but often need repair. "A series of
little boards flip on an eccentric shaft when the shaft goes
around," he says. "Those boards get stuck from dirt and gunk caked
in there." He removes the boards, which are made of Bakelite but
look like wood, cleans them and the slots they fit into, and puts
everything back together. He's salvaged boards from duplicates or
the occasional beyond-repair unit.
The Nickersons have 16 different milking machines in their
collection, plus a few duplicates. "When it comes to Surge, for
instance, there are many different kinds," Dennis says. "There are
upright buckets, hanging stainless steel aluminum buckets, and so
on, and the same goes for De Laval."
In the old days, dairy farmers rarely milked more than two cows
at one time, lifting or pulling the milking machine down the center
of the barn and attaching teat cups to a cow on each side.
"Really," Dennis says, "how many cows you could milk depended on
the buckets you had. If you had an upright bucket, you could only
milk two cows at one time into one bucket. Today you have so many
multiple milkers, but they don't milk into a bucket. Today they can
milk many cows at once because the pipeline dumps the milk back
into a cooler that holds hundreds and hundreds of gallons. The
limiting factor in the old days was the size of the bucket."
Reactions to the family's collection - which includes milking
machines and cream separators - are enthusiastic. At farm-related
shows, old dairy farmers often show up. "The men usually talk about
milking machines, and the women about cream separators," Dennis
says. "They say, 'This sure brings back memories,' or 'We used to
have one just like this.'"
Outside the farm show circuit, the collection gets different
reactions. "When we were at the Minnesota Zoo last year, kids were
just amazed by the machines," Dennis recalls. "They all stuck their
fingers in the cups and felt the vacuum."
The most unusual reaction came from a middle-aged woman who said
she was "a city girl" unfamiliar with the equipment. After they
explained the milking process, the Nickersons suggested she come to
the back of the building, where a milking machine was running, for
a demonstration. But she wasn't interested in that much reality.
"She said, 'I don't think so,'" Dennis says.
Hauling the milking machines to different shows was hard work,
but the trio has simplified the process with a trailer-mounted
display. "This is the first year we've had it," Dennis says. "The
advantage is that we don't have to unload anything after we get
home. We just park the trailer until we go to the next show." They
generally exhibit at about five shows a year in and near
Though there isn't a huge number of milk machine collectors,
Dennis says he has found a few, and they get together occasionally
to swap things and tell stories. "We get into some serious milking
discussions," Dennis says with a laugh.
- For more information: Dennis Nickerson, 1021 Fern Ave.
S.E., Menagha, MN 56464; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Bill Vossler is a freelance writer and author of several
books on antique farm tractors and toys. Contact him at: Box 372,
400 Caroline Lane, Rockville, MN 56569; (320) 253-5414; e-mail: