Let's Talk Rusty Iron: Sam Moore examines the proliferation of uses for steam-powered machinery on the farm in the late nineteenth century.
The “power” part of a mule-powered cotton gin. The gin itself is upstairs and is driven by a flat belt from the large vertical pulley behind the white mule.
A Woodbury 12-horse sweep power. The tumbling rod that drives the separator or other machine crosses the horse’s path at the lower left.
This contraption, built in 1769 by French army engineer Nicholas Cugnot to pull artillery pieces, is considered by historians to be the first self-propelled vehicle. The heavy boiler hanging out in front, which was steered along with the steam engine and the single front drive wheel (along with no brakes), made the thing hard to control. It was prone to running into walls and other obstacles.
A small permanent steam engine like those used to power sugar cane mills and cotton gins during the 19th century.