HISTORY OF CENTURY FARM

36-60 Yellow Fellow Separator

Courtesy of Mr. Lee F. Priseler, 4253 Mission Blvd., San Diego 9, California. This is a 36-60 Yellow Fellow Separator threshing in 1919 at the Century Farm. J. J. Priseler in the stack.

Lee F. Priseler

Content Tools

4253 Mission Blvd., San Diego 9, Calif.

It was the year 1842 when the first Priseler set foot on the now 'Century Farm' in northern Illinois. My Great-grandfather, Joseph, became one of the first settlers in this community, coming here from Northeast, Pennsylvania. He bought the land from the government for $1.25 per acre. The Winnebago Indians, for whom the county is named, were quite numerous in the territory at that time. This farm has been in the Priseler family ever since, and now my brother, George E. Priseler, farms the same 200 acres, 3 miles east of Pecatonica, Illinois.

My grandfather, George W., my father, Jay J., and my brother, George E., as well as myself, Lee F., were all born on this farm. I was born in 1911, so I am not really an old timer according to Iron Man standards, but I still like to recall the 'good old days'.

There has been a lot of machinery over the years on our farm. Down through the years, new machinery in the neighborhood was usually 'first' on the Priseler farm, or 'Century Farm', as it became known after the first hundred years.

I heard of horse powers, reapers, steam engines, etc., way back then. Grandfather George W. ran a sawmill, a Farquhar, powered by hired steam engines along about 1898. He tried an engine off of a steamboat, but it did not have power enough. He operated this mill until 1905, during which time my father must have cussed all sawmills, because as long as he lived he always said 'No One' could saw a straight board on a sawmill. After father's death in 1960, my brother, George E., bought a Corley #20 mill with a 52' blade. This mill is powered by a John Deere 3020 Diesel tractor.

The present house on the farm is part of the original house built in 1844, added to over the years and completely remodeled in 1955. I lived there until 1936 when I joined the U. S. Marine Corps, coming to San Diego, California, where I still live.

To go back in May 1907 my father, Jay J. Priseler, went to Peoria, Illinois to buy a used Avery undermounted steam engine, and a Yellow Fellow separator. The engine had a rusted hole in the smoke box, which the Avery Company was to fix in time for the threshing season. Came threshing time, and NO engine arrived. So Dad took off for Peoria on the train. When he arrived at the Avery Company, there stood the engine, still with tire rusted hole. Dad's temper mounted, and he called off the whole deal, but before he could get away, the President of the company arrived on the scene, found out the trouble, and said, 'Give Mr. Priseler a new engine for the same price as the used one!' So Dad came home the proud owner of a brand new 18 horse undermounted engine and a 36-60 separator, for the full price of $2300.00. The freight from Peoria to Rockford was $42.00. Dad had to run the engine 15 miles from Rockford to the farm.

That same fall he bought a Success 8 roll shredder. Took five years to pay off the whole deal. Times weren't too prosperous then at a cent to a cent and one-half per bushel for threshing. Dad operated the threshing rig for 10 years. By that time brother George was about 10 or 11 years old and decided, this was for him, but Dad had other ideas by that time, and sold the threshing machine and engine over the loud protests of my brother, to George Anders, Herman Anders, and Herman Theodorff, brothers and brother-in-law respectively. He received $800.00 for the outfit and the next year he paid them $100.00 to have them do his threshing.

Dad also acquired a Sandwich baler, about two years before he bought the Avery steamer. At that time he had a Rockford 8 horse gas engine that he ran the baler with. This particular baler had egg shaped gears. The egg shaped gears caused a slow packing stroke, and a quick feeder arm return. Dropping the head blocks used to separate the bales was quite a knack.

If they were not dropped at just the right time, the plunger simply ate up the 2' thick headers. George scrapped this mechanical genius just about two years before the steam re-unions started, along with a 12 horse Hercules gas engine, to make room for more modern farming equipment. This 12 horse Herclues engine was used on a buzz saw rig. The baler, as well as the engine, was in perfect condition and he has bemoaned the fact that he wrecked them ever since the reunions were begun. Dad also sawed a lot of wood with the 8 horse Rockford engine.

Dad passed away in December, 1960, age 84 years, one of the few old-timers in the community. Brother George, 4 years older than I, has kept a spark in me regarding machinery from the time I was big enough to follow him around. As kids we built buzz saws out of anything available, including the ends out of a steel barrel, mandrel of 3/8 rod, and the jack out of a Montgomery Ward crate, and powered by a Wiel Bros. 1 horse gas engine. Best part, it worked, making splinters out of shingles and laths. Later on, he built a drag-saw, besides various buzz saws.

This picture of our Avery Steam engine, after we sold it, with Herman Theodorff firing it, reminds me of the time the steam gauge started around the 2nd time. Pop valve stuck, of course. Herman was just about ready to leave ahead of what he felt sure was to be an explosion, when Dad showed up, hooked the poker over the relief valve, letting out as much steam as Herman had built up.

Dad bought a Moline Universal gas tractor in 1918a two cylinder job. It was the first of any gas tractors around. All the neighbors viewed it with alarm, but it worked, marvelous, so we thought. Dad hooked the 2 cyl. Moline direct to the grain binder, and drove it direct from the seat of the binder. In 1925 he traded the 2 cyl. on a 4 cyl. Moline, same type with two driving wheels way out front. In the picture, that's it with me at the controls, hooked up to the Sandwich Baler, brother George is on the drawbar. We did custom baling for the neighbors, in fact the whole community and put an awful lot of hay through that old Sandwich.

Times change and now the farm is being operated by brother George with all modern equipment. We speak of modern equipment, but actually back when the steam engines and related equipment was being used, it was pretty modern for that day and age.

I now work as an automatic transmission mechanic in San Diego, California. However, any of us who have lived through the revolution in machinery still like to reminisce about the 'good old days' and see the old machines restored and in action again. We like to talk about the 'good old days' and all that happened, but actually we can only remember the good things that happened, and few there are who would really want to go back except in memory.