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Cooper Bevel drive traction engine

Ernest Hoffer

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Photograph by Ernest Hoffer, 444 Starr Ave., Toledo, Ohio. C & G Cooper Bevel drive traction engine 7 x 12 cylinder, 12 hp. Built by the C & G Cooper Co. Mt. Vernon, Ohio. Cooper brothers moved from Zanesville Ohio in 1833 and started the Cooper Co. at Mt. Vernon, Ohio. Move was made in two horse drawn wagons. Manufactured the first steam locomotives built west of the Alleganey Mts. in 1853. Built the first successful traction engine in 1875. In 1876-1877 one hundred traction engines were built. In 1880 five hundred were built. During this time the company built stationary engines 25-12000 Hp. They specialized in rolling mill engines as well as complete steam power plants. Bessemer Co. started building internal combustion engines in 1900 and started to build diesel engines in 1923. The two company's merged in 1929 and became the Cooper-Bessemer Co. in Mt. Vernon.

Courtesy of Ernest Sevde, Toledo, Iowa 52342. This Santa Fe steam engine is a 4-8-4 Northern type # 2913 on permanent display at Ft. Madison, Iowa. This is one of a group of 30 engines of 'Heavy Mountain' jobs bought just prior to the War (World War II) and were considered the heaviest and most efficient four axle driven engine. They were1 built by Baldwin in 1944 and would have, been reordered from the builders except for the advent of the diesel. They did the work all over the system from Los Angeles to Chicago pulling freights where mallets had been used and fast passenger with heavy pullmans. They were truly a breed apart as the 2900's held a 'feather' of steam at their pops over the division. Shown in picture is the above mentioned engine as it faces the broad sweep of the Mississippi River. My wife, Nadine, Craig-now a Senior in H.S., Mark and Susan Sevde.

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