The Marine Engineers of the STEAM SHIP TITANIC

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R.D. #2, Box 195, Acadia Drive Magnolia, Ohio 44643-9621

Back in 1907, Cunard Line built two giant ocean liners, Mauritania and Lusitania. This put a great strain on the White Star Line. So White Star came up with a design for two ships 1 times larger than any ship of that time. They were named Olympic and Titanic. Later a third sister was added. Her name was Britanic.

The middle sister was to become one of the greatest sea disasters of all time. On her maiden voyage, the RMS Titanic grazed an iceberg for 300 feet, opening 12 square feet to the ice cold ocean. Consequently, the water overcame the pumps, and she sank, taking with her 1,523 human lives. On board were 2,228 lives1,324 passengers and 904 crew members. She was certified to carry 3,547 and had seating in all her life boats for 1,876.

Far below her fine living area was the living part of the Titanic. She had 29 boilers, 25 double-end and 4 single-end, and 186 furnaces hand fired by some 360 stokers. The 25 double-ended boilers were to provide steam for the main engines.

These were reciprocating type consisting of four cylinders, each being triple expansion, one high pressure 54' diameter, one intermediate pressure of 84' diameter, and two low pressure each 97' in diameter. All had a common stroke of 75'. These two monsters could turn 76 RPM and produced 15,000 SHP each. These weighed in at 920 tons each, and turned the wing propellers.

After the steam did its work on these engines, it exhausted into a low pressure steam turbine that turned the center propeller at 165 RPM at 16,000 SHP. This combination gave Titanic an economical 46,000 SHP, and she could cruise at 21 knots. Not bad for a ship with 46,329 gross tons and 34 foot draft.

This was all done in boiler rooms 6, 5, 4, 3, & 2; when combined with boiler room #1, Titanic produced 900,000 lbs. per hour of steam at 215 lbs. per square inch. In 24 hours, she burned 500 tons of coal hand shoveled.

After the main engines were stopped, boiler rooms 6 through 2 were taken off-line, leaving #1 boiler room to make steam to operate the pumps and the electric generators. Can you imagine what would have happened on that moonless night if the generators failed? Total darkness, panic, and . . . !

Just who did this task? Who stayed at their post? Who was prepared to die deep in the bowels of Titanic? The marine engineer. The person nobody seems to know about. In this case, their names were:

Thos. Andrews, Jr.

Builder

Joseph Bell

Chief Engineer

W. E. Farquharson

Sr. Second Engineer

Norman Harrison

Jr. Second Engineer

J. H. Hesketh

Jr. Second Engineer

Bertie Wilson

Sr. Asst. Second Engineer

Herbert Gifford Harvey

Jr. Asst. Second Engineer

Jonathan Shephard

Jr. Asst. Second Engineer

George Fox Hosking

Sr. Third Engineer

Edward C. Dodd

Jr. Third Engineer

Charles Hodge

Sr. Asst. Third Engineer

Francis Ernest George Cox

Jr. Asst. Third Engineer

James Fraser

Jr. Asst. Third Engineer

Leonard Hodakinson

Sr. Fourth Engineer

Jas. M. Smith

Jr. Fourth Engineer

Henry Ryland Dyer

Sr. Asst. Fourth Engineer

Rennex Watso Dodds

Jr. Asst. Fourth Engineer

Arthur Ward

Jr. Asst. Fourth Engineer

Thomas Hulman Kenp

Xtra Asst. Fourth Engineer

(Refrigerator)

Frank Alfred Parsons

Sr. Fifth Engineer

W. D. Mackie

Jr. Fifth Engineer

Robert Miller

Xtra Fifth Engineer

William Young Moyes

Sr. Sixth Engineer

William McReynolds

Jr. Sixth Engineer

Henry Philip Creese

Deck Engineer

Thomas Miller

Asst. Deck Engineer

Peter Sloan

Chief Electrician

Alfred Samuel Allsop

Jr. Electrician

Herbert Jupe

Asst. Electrician

Alfred Pirrie Middleton

Asst. Electrician

Albert George Ervine

Asst. Electrician

William Kelly

Asst. Electrician

George Alexander Chisnall

Sr. Boilermaker

Hugh Fitzpatrick

Asst. Boilermaker

Arthur J. Rous

Plumber

William Luke Duffy

Chief Engineers Clerk (Writer)

The marine engineer who is he? What makes him become one with the machinery he operates? None of these brave unsung heroes ever saw the light of day again. They stayed below deck so others could be saved.