An ad in a 1911 issue of Farmer and Breeder promoting the germination tester. "Two ears worth planting, three not fit for seed," the headline reads. "That is not an uncommon thing in seed corn."
Some time back, my brother Ted was at an auction in Trent, South Dakota, a small town just east of us. After the sale, he came out, unloaded this little wood creation and said, “This is your combination Christmas and birthday present!”
So, I did a little digging in Farmer and Breeder, a bound volume of a weekly farm magazine out of Sioux City for 1911, given to me in 1957 by a dear old lady who knew I had an interest in all things old.
The germination tester's trays held 100 cells each, as well as cork drain plugs. Look to be messy to clean out after each batch.
As an aside, this publication mentioned very little about power farming or tractors, compared to a 1917 issue of Canadian Thresherman, a similar publication of the day, which has tractor ads on almost every third page. Farmer and Breeder was published by H.G. McMillan, who owned Lakewood Farm, a premier horse-breeding establishment near Doon, Iowa – hence the lack of interest in tractors.
Spring issues touted corn germination testers, National Seed Tester Co.’s ads being the most numerous. Simply put, the unit had four trays with 100 cells each. The trays were stacked inside. You put kernels from individual ears in each cell, put water in trays and a small tank underneath, put a kerosene lamp underneath and waited. The lamp made it possible to use the tester either in a cold room in the house or out in the barn.
The tipper and butter on a John Deere sheller.
I have no idea who Professor Holden was, but he promoted the corn tester as well as the Hero corn grader built by Twin City Separator Co. as an adjunct to the germination tester. He also worked for Farm Journal, offering his booklet, Corn Secrets, free, if you sent $1 and subscribed to the above mentioned publication.
Once you determined which ears were worth planting, the next step was to run ears through the tipper and butter, ”removing large and small kernels from each ear, winding up with kernels of a consistent size, then sorting those further through your Hero corn grader and figuring out which planter plate to use in order to drop just one kernel at a time.”
The tipper and butter on a small box sheller.
Original stencil on the tester's door.