A. Lemon/citrus squeezer. The photo shows an incomplete unit; it is missing a porcelain insert and a wooden knob that would press down on the fruit to extract juice. Identified by Erwin Fullerton, S. Woodstock, Vermont, and Dick Kates, Oakland, Iowa. See patent 253,353 for a similar piece. Photo submitted by Betty Standiford via email.
A complete lemon/citrus squeezer.
Patent 253,353: Fruit squeezer. Patent granted to William B. Dean, N.Y., N.Y., Feb. 7, 1882.
A. Moon knife. The crutch of this “shoulder stake” was inserted in the craftsman’s armpit. The working end was used to soften delicate leather. Identified by Robert Scholz, Elmo, Missouri; Gary Studebaker, Larwill, Indiana; Erwin Fullerton; and Dick Kates. Photo submitted by Tony Ramos, Flower Mound, Texas.
A selection of shoulder stakes used in leatherworking. The moon knife (third from left) was used in several leather trades for paring and softening more delicate leathers in a process known as “perching.” Image courtesy Jim Mau.
A. Leather embossing wheel. Identified by Gary Studebaker and Dick Kates. Photo submitted by Calvin Rolstad, Hugo, Minnesota.
Editor’s note: Some respondents identified this piece as a pie crimper. However, pie crimpers typically feature two discs: One crimps crust in a decorative manner and the other trims excess crust. The tool shown above has only one disc. Patent illustrations for a pie crimper are shown below in patent 1,535,300.
Patent 1,535,300: Pie crimper. Patent granted to John C. Forster, Pittsburg, Pa., Jan. 10, 1925.
A. Blacksmith tool used to clinch nails on the top of the hoof when shoeing a horse. Identified by Robert Scholz; Larry Whitesell, Tipton, Indiana; Erwin Fullerton and Dick Kates. See patent no. 238,822 for a similar piece. Photo submitted by Raymond Wickham, Dumont, Iowa.
A. Unidentified. Photo submitted by Clyde Seigler, Clinton, Pennsylvania.