A. Unidentified. Photo submitted by Virgil Cassill via email.
A. Case and box machine used to hold the heads of wooden boxes and crates – in particular, egg cases before the era of cardboard cartons – in position during construction. Identified by Stephen Clemens, Mazeppa, Minnesota; Robert M.Peters, Independence, Missouri; Dick Kates, Oakland, Iowa; and Gary Studebaker, Larwill, Indiana.
The device enabled one person to build boxes and crates by holding the two ends and center partition in place, while the bottom and side slats were nailed on. It also rotated, allowing access to all four sides of the crate. The machine was used to construct 30-dozen egg cases consisting of two 15-dozen compartments side by side. The 30-dozen cases were in heavy demand for shipping and delivery from farm to town.
“I have one that I show at threshing shows each summer,” says Dick Kates. “They could be adjusted to make orange crates. When I was growing up on the farm, the place where we sold our eggs and cream on Wednesday and Saturday nights had an egg crate machine. If you needed a 30-dozen egg case, they would make you one.” See patent no. 695,364. Photo submitted by Doug Anders, Naples, Florida.
Patent no. 695,364: Case and box machine. Patent issued to James K. Ashley, Rushville, Ill., March 11, 1902.
A. Post point from a fence stretching pulley (dating to about 1900) manufactured by Hunt-Helm-Ferris Co. as part of its Starline series. The post point connects the fixed block to the fence post; the moveable block is on the end that secures the fence wire. Identified by Barry Merenoff, New Haven, Michigan; Stephen Clemens; Marlin O. Herbst, Merrill, Iowa; and Marvin Hansen, Guelph, North Dakota. See patent no. 584,340. Photo submitted by Rodney Peterson, Shorewood, Minnesota.
Post point from a fence-stretching pulley set (circa 1900). Illustration by Barry Merenoff, The Mechanical Advantage.
Patent no. 584,340: Hoist. Patented granted to Henry L. Ferris, Harvard, Ill., June 15, 1897.
A. Towel holder used for quick access by bartenders and cooks. Identified by Larry Orlando, Westerly, Rhode Island; Judy Ann Broner, Malone, Florida; and Clifton Baxter, Malone, Florida. Photo submitted by Dennis Hermann, Lake Forest, Illinois.
A. Counter/tally device. Ron Stevenson, Don Ferree, Climax, North Carolina; Loren Lindsay, Mankato, Minnesota; Robert Sattazahn, Womelsdorf, Pennsylvania; David Casner, Loyville, Pennsylvania; Stephen Clemens; Stanley Deisemann, Shartlesville, Pennsylvania; Robert Scholz, Elmo, Missouri; Linda Star, Corsica, South Dakota; Bernard Geisel, Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin; Marlin O. Herbst; Robert Depperman, Kennard, Nebraska; Clayton Millie, Fremont, Nebraska; Kenneth Tate, Dewey, Oklahoma; Timothy Potaczec, Cornell, Wisconsin; Roger Palmer, Brandon, Iowa; Edward N. Regole, Saint Charles, Illinois; Alan Duffield, Browns Valley, Minnesota; Gary Studebaker; Dale Gengenbach, Eustis, Nebraska; Myron Olufson, Gatzke, Minnesota; Robert Thorson, Crovallis, Montana; Melroy Wiskow, Greenbush, Minnesota; Lyle Schwarzrock, Poplar, Montana; Joe Moll, McFarland, Wisconsin; and Ralph R. Look, Wichita, Kansas, believe this to be a counter that would have been attached to scales on a threshing machine.
“This is a counter off of a Hart grain weigher, made by Hart-Carter Co., from a threshing machine,” David Casner says. “A small hopper on top of the weigher measures the grain by weight. Each time the hopper fills and dumps the grain into the unloading auger, a chain turns the gear on the end of the counter shaft and turns the units dial to count one unit. Once the units dial gets to 10, a metal tab contacts a tab on the center dial and turns it to one. After that happened 10 times, a metal tab on the center dial contacts another tab on the hundreds dial, turning it to one also.”
Others believe it to be an acre counter off a grain drill. We have no way of determining which it is, but clearly it is a tally device. The following identified it as being part of a grain drill: John Musick, Wellsville, Kansas; Jim Cornell, Bedford, Pennsylvania; Ken Bolton, Fall Creek, Wisconsin; Daniel W. Naeger, St. Mary, Missouri; Donald D. Sarchet, Tulia, Texas; P.T. Rathbone, Marsing, Idaho; Gene E. Jerovitz, Kewaunee, Wisconsin; Leighton Abrahamson, Browerville, Minnesota; Arlen Kyllo, Zumbrota, Minnesota; Richard P. Johnson, Johnstown, Ohio; Dennis Holbrook, New Plymouth, Idaho; Milo Harpstead, Stevens Point, Wisconsin; and Ted Johnson, Granite Falls, Minnesota. See patent no. 909,185. Photo submitted by Jason Combs, Kearney, Nebraska.
Patent no. 909,185: Tally Box. Patent issued to Ernest K. Hood, Indianapolis, Ind., Jan. 12, 1909.