Hobby: Collectible Matchbooks

Collectible matchbooks fit neatly into the farm memorabilia slot

| April 2012

Matches go back a long time. In early days they were referred to as “fire sticks.” Later, chemicals were put on the end of wood sticks. When struck on a rough surface, they produced a flame. They were very dangerous and if rubbed together, they would ignite.

Fire sticks to safety matches

In 1911, Diamond Match Co. came up with the first “safety match,” one that would ignite only if rubbed against a special striking patch. Books contained 10, 20 or 30 sticks of matches. The 20-match book was more widely used, as there were 20 cigarettes in a pack.

In 1973, by government order, the striker on the matchbook was moved from the front to the back. If using the front striker and the matchbook wasn’t closed, a piece of the match could fly off and ignite the entire book, causing a large and potentially dangerous flame. Moving the striker to the back eliminated that problem.

As early as 1900, people discovered that matchbook advertising was effective. Matches were given out free by hotels, restaurants, banks, national landmarks, gas stations and other businesses. They were even produced with personalized greetings for use at weddings, anniversaries and other social events.

The ease of lighting made cigarette use that much more convenient. Death row inmates and dying soldiers asked for and received their last cigarette. During World War II, tobacco companies distributed free cigarettes to servicemen as part of the war effort, effectively boosting cigarette usage — and the need for matches.

Diamond Match Co.

Today, with declining tobacco use, match manufacturers have seen sales shrink. Diamond Match Co. merged with Atlas Match Co. in 1987, but it was too little, too late, as the demand for matches continued to plummet and the company was sold (today it is a subsidiary of Jarden Corp.).