Problems cause by steam traction engines on the highways were discussed with great gravity by the Pennsylvania State Board of Agriculture in its 12th annual report of 1888.
The two major problems figuring in the report were those caused by the effects that the engines had on horses pulling wagons and carriage, and the breaking of bridges under weight of the engines. The board was not happy with either problem.
Here is the section on steam traction engines in full:
Movement of Traction Engines
The introduction of steam for thrashing and the convenience of traction engines as combining power for driving the thrasher and for moving the machinery from farm to farm, has led to a frequent appearance of this kind of machinery on our public roads. In most cases it has been found difficult to drive ordinary farm horses past such engines. The Legislature of 1885 was presented with a draft of an act intended to give greater security to persons passing along our public roads, but to a certain extent it has failed in its purpose. The second section provides 'That in every case when such machinery propelled by steam is being moved upon a public road or highway it shall be the duty of the owner or owners in charge of such machinery, upon the approach, in either direction, of all persons traveling in vehicles or in charge of teams, to move such machinery as far as practicable to the right or left of the road to a position where the said approaching vehicle or team may pass with the greatest safety, and stop the same before such persons traveling in vehicles or in charge of teams shall have arrived within three hundred feet of such machinery, shall assist such passing vehicle or teams until they are safely by the danger, and if there be any obstruction to the view of the road it shall be the duty of the owner or owners or persons in charge of such machinery not to approach such obstruction nearer than three hundred feet without going to the place to see that the road is clear, or sending some competent person for the purpose.'
At the recent meeting of the Board attention was called to cases wherein the parties in charge of traction engines has neglected or refused to comply with the provisions of the law above quoted, and cases were stated in which damage had been done to carriages by this disregard of the plain provisions of the law. The defect which appears to need a remedy is that there is no special penalty attached to a violation of the law. The party in charge, in many cases, is an irresponsible person, and the theory that he can, under common law, be held personally responsible for all damages, does not hold good and is of no value to the damaged party.
If a disobedience of the provisions of the second section of the law was made a misdemeanor, the difficulty would, in a great measure, be removed, as in that case both the owner and the party in charge would be liable to punishment.
The attention of the Board has also been called to the fact that in several cases bridges have been broken down by traction engines and the damage not reported so that repairs might be made to prevent damages to teams following. It would seem that inasmuch as the act of June 30, 1885, practically legalizes the passage of traction engines along the public roads, that it necessarily becomes obligatory upon supervisors and road commissioners to so construct or repair all bridges as to support the additional weight, and it is questionable whether any further legislation is needed to protect the public in this direction. The question is, however, one which might very properly come under the consideration of the Committee on Legislation.