Building The Model Reeves


| July/August 1973



Nichols and Shepard engine

Nichols and Shepard outfit in 1895.Courtesy of R. Benjamin Hayes, Route 3, Homes, Michigan 49245

?R. Benjamin Hayes

At Pion-Era in 1961, just after I had completed my first model steam engine and threshing machine in 1' scale, I met Wally Vann of Winnipeg. Wally, who was one of the finest model builders that ever lived, was a prince of a fellow and he just loved to talk models whenever he had the chance. We spent hours discussing model building. We talked over the pros and cons of various scales; the importance of drawings; pattern making; boiler building; in fact just about everything we could think about model steam engines. Wally had built a big CASE 80 and 40' Case thresher in 3' scale, so he convinced me that the 3' scale engine fires, handles and sounds as close to the full size engine as any model could. He also pointed out, that, although the 3' scale engine acts big, it has the advantage of being comparatively easy to store as well as to transport to various shows. After talking to Wally, my mind was made up. My next engine would be built to 3' scale.

Once I had decided to build a 3' scale model the big questions was a three inch scale what??? There are dozens of beautiful engines, any one of which would make a wonderful model. Since there were several model CASE 65's built or being built, I decided to try something different. Many ideas were considered - an AMERICAN ABEL 'Cock-O'-The-North' 26 hp; an AVERY 20 hp return flue; a CASE 80. But the GARR-SCOTT 25 HP double rear mounted looked best. I soon found that the detailed information necessary to build this model was difficult to obtain locally, so I decided to advertise. Ads placed in the various steam magazines got a lot of sympathetic interest but little else. One reply came from Syd Matthews in Toronto. Syd was more interested in REEVES than GARR Scott, but because he knew the area where we lived at the time, he thought he'd write anyway. The result of our correspondence was that I finally decided to build a REEVES 32 hp cross-compound engine.

The first step in building any model is to obtain a set of drawings. Since there were none in existence, I started by scaling down the big 1912 REEVES 32 c.c. owned by the Western Development Museum in Saskatoon. This engine, #6819, is what REEVES called their 'Canadian Special' or 'Alberta' model. These Canadian Special REEVES engines were much heavier in some ways than the 'American' design of the same horsepower rating. Canadian Special boilers all had butt-strap longitudinal seams, possibly because the boiler laws of the Provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan were generally more stringent than those elsewhere. The rear axle, gearing and rear engine saddle were mounted on extended wing sheets at the rear of the boiler. In the U.S. design these were mounted on brackets which bolted directly into the boiler back head. The rear wheels had flat spokes riveted into steel rims instead of round spokes cast into the hub and rims as in the U.S. models. In most Canadian models, the drive gears were fully enclosed in sheet metal covers to keep out grit and dirt. Because of these covers, the master or bull gears drove the rear wheels at the hubs instead of at the rims as was common practice on so many engines. This was the reason for the heavy flat spokes in the rear wheels that method of driving them put extra strain on them. There were several minor differences, but the Canadian Special REEVES was basically the same as the U.S. design in all its major dimensions.

The drawings, which had begun in 1962, involved miles of traveling as well as reams of correspondence to obtain measurements, pictures and detailed data from the original. Several hundred hours were spent at the drawing board reducing each part to one quarter scale (3' = 1'). During this time, I had visions of assembling the engine only to discover the crankshaft would make less than a full turn because I had goofed on some detail somewhere, and the crossheads didn't have enough travel in the tunnels or that the crankshaft counterweights wouldn't clear the rear saddle. This meant careful cross checking of every part in relationship to the others to make certain that everything was going to work. When finished in 1965, the drawing set was made up of 13 sheets, each 24' x 36'.

Once the drawings were completed, actual construction of the model began with the collecting of materials. Some of the parts were gleaned from the local junk yard. For example, the differential uses spider and axle gears from a defunct Austin; the bull gears and pinions are from an old pump jack which had machine cut gear teeth. Careful selection of the proper 'junk' meant that these items were very close to scale size when modified to suit the model. Obviously, not everything could come from the junk yard, so many parts were specially made. This included castings. To make the castings, I first made a set of wood patterns, along with the necessary core boxes. Fortunately, Norwood Foundry in Edmonton proved to be more than a little sympathetic toward this project and offered much appreciated advice regarding the pattern making. They also did the actual pouring of the scores of iron castings used in this model. Their workmanship was excellent and the castins flawless.

The heart of any steam engine is the boiler. The model REEVES boiler is all ASME code approved steel, all seams arc welded. The seamless shell is 10' in diameter, and contains 29 tubes, 3/4' O.D. x 24' long. These tubes, together with a 12' x 13' x 8' firebox, give the boiler more than 12 square feet of heating surface. 106 Staybolts support the crown sheet and heads. Much of the work and all of the welding on this boiler was done by my good friend, Fred Freschette of Red Deer, Alberta. Without Dred's help I'm sure that this boiler would have turned out to be a rather sorry effort. As it was, the initial test made in June of 1970 at 300 psi was a complety success. Since the working pressure was to be somewhere near 125 psi, we felt that this test pressure would be adequate. Steaming this boiler later on, I learned that with its relatively large firebox and ample heating surface it would fire easily on coal or wood and never give any signs of priming or 'perking.