Collective Farm Puts Crop Into Distillery


| May/June 1959



POWER BY STEAM

POWER BY STEAM, on a collective farm on a state farm in former German East Prussia this steam equipment was providing power for some of the farm operations. The farm had over 2,500 acres in cultivation and specialized in raising hybrid grain seeds of rye,

George Embree

(From the De Kalb Daily Chronicle, De Kalb, Illinois)

Of the 140 workers on this particular farm only eight are Communists two of whom are on the seven man board which, for all practical purposes, runs the farm.

The biggest and most important change for this farm during the last year was the revised system of planning production. Until last October the seven- man governing board had practically no authority to do anything but administer the orders of higher government officials.

This year the central government gave the farms in the district a general pattern of what it wanted produced. Then the administrative board on this farm and on the others each decided what they were going to produce.

This farm was told that it must be an independent economic unit which would have to meet all of its own costs from its own production and it could not look to the government for subsidies.

With this latitude the manager and his assistants worked out a plan for what they considered to be the best utilization of the farm's 2,000 acres under cultivation and its herd of 250 cattle which includes 100 dairy cows.