DAYS OF STEAM


| November/December 1997



Semi trailer

A Leland of 1919 vintage. Rated as a 5/6 tonner, it is here shown drawing a semi trailer with an outsize container body.

115 S. Spring Valley Road, Spring Valley, Wilmington, Delaware 19807.

The following article is reprinted with permission from a 1955 issue of Commercial Motor Magazine, Quadrant House, The Quadrant, Sutton, Surrey, England SM2 5AS.

In 1906 there were 24 prominent makes of steamer in Britain. These included Foden, Leyland, Thorny croft and Sentinel, whose internal combustion engined vehicles stand in the front rank today.

Excluding an order for 112 steamers built by Sentinel in 1950 for the Argentine Government, this type of vehicle was not produced in this country much after 1933. The main reason for its demise was the restriction of gross laden weights.

There were two principal classes of steamer, known respectively as the overtype and under type, the former having its engine on top of the boiler and the latter with its engine under the boiler. Boilers, too, were classified as being either of the vertical type or locomotive pattern and throughout the years the subject of boilers was keenly debated.

It, one of a famous line of steamers, this Yorkshire 5 tonner, whilst not a thing of beauty, was notable for its consistent performance. The design of the boiler was one of its outstanding features, being a double-ended locomotive type.