| March/April 1955

Granville, Ohio

Newark, Ohio, has, I believe, a most unusual record of producing, during the years, 5 makes of steam engines of which 3 were traction and good ones for their size and day.

First in Newark and one of the first engine builders west of the Alleghenies was Joseph E. Holmes, whose advertisements in the 'Ohio Cultivator' of 1855 reads in part, 'we have repeatedly within a few years past, published descriptions with engravings of the different forms of steam engines adapted for farm purposes but here to fore no such engines have been manufactured in Ohio, or in any of the western states, to our knowledge.'

The Holmes engines were built in 9 sizes from 2hp. (4'x8' cyl.200 rpm.) at $1500. These engines were listed as portable although, as illustrated, the fly wheel extended a foot or more below the floor line.

Later, in 1855, the 'Ohio Cultivator' reports 'we were at the Newark Machine Shop a few days since, to see a magnificient 20 hp. portable engine which will be shipped to Kansas on Monday. 'We saw orders for some 40 to 50 more of these same engines from Texas, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, etc., orders having been drawn here from the good reputation of the Newark Works.

The Newark Machine Works went into receivership late in the 1850's at which time it was leased by John McNamar, who, by 1861, had formed a partnership with Reinhardt Scheidler to build a line of engines and sawmills. More of this firm later.