THE CANADIAN TRACTOR


| January/February 1956



1920 Canadian tractor

Canadian tractor 1920, Medicine Hat, Alberta, Canada. Courtesy of Pat Baxter, 11106 63rd Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

11106-63rd Ave., Edmonton, Alberta

In the spring of 1919 a tractor with a design of its own appeared on the market in Western Canada. This machine performed very well in the field in all different soil conditions, and sold for less money per horsepower than any other tractor on the market at that time.

It was of a simple construction with less moving parts than the grain binder the farmer used with horses. All bearings and gears (except the final drive) were enclosed and ran in oil. A low speed, two cylinder tractor of 14-28 horsepower built for heavier work than its rating.

This tractor had a few oddities of design well worth mentioning. The main frame was a square 10'xl0' timber, clamped into a recess in the centre of the rear drive member running the length of its wheel base to a recess in the front axle yoke casting into which it was again clamped. Between these two casting units of front and rear wheels, was bolted the radiator unit to the timber frame.

The rear drive wheels were of an old army artillery type using square wooden spokes with a cast hub and rim. The drive wheel rims were cast; with gear rim and lugs integral with cast in square sockets on inner side of rim to retain the wooden spoke. Apparently the use of wood in this machine was to cut down the initial cost, and simplify the repair in the future.

Some forty machines were built in the years 1919-1920 at Medicine Hat, Alberta, Canada; this being the only tractor built entirely in Western Canada.