THE CANADIAN TRACTOR

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Canadian tractor 1920, Medicine Hat, Alberta, Canada. Courtesy of Pat Baxter, 11106 63rd Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
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A scene at the Bird City Reunion, Bird City, Kansas. Sent by Elmer Coleman, Colby, Kansas. He also says that this Reunion has been put on for three years. The first year they had 3 engines and last year they had 22 engines. So you can imagine what a great

11106-63rd Ave., Edmonton, Alberta

In the spring of 1919 a tractor with a design of its own
appeared on the market in Western Canada. This machine performed
very well in the field in all different soil conditions, and sold
for less money per horsepower than any other tractor on the market
at that time.

It was of a simple construction with less moving parts than the
grain binder the farmer used with horses. All bearings and gears
(except the final drive) were enclosed and ran in oil. A low speed,
two cylinder tractor of 14-28 horsepower built for heavier work
than its rating.

This tractor had a few oddities of design well worth mentioning.
The main frame was a square 10’xl0′ timber, clamped into a
recess in the centre of the rear drive member running the length of
its wheel base to a recess in the front axle yoke casting into
which it was again clamped. Between these two casting units of
front and rear wheels, was bolted the radiator unit to the timber
frame.

The rear drive wheels were of an old army artillery type using
square wooden spokes with a cast hub and rim. The drive wheel rims
were cast; with gear rim and lugs integral with cast in square
sockets on inner side of rim to retain the wooden spoke. Apparently
the use of wood in this machine was to cut down the initial cost,
and simplify the repair in the future.

Some forty machines were built in the years 1919-1920 at
Medicine Hat, Alberta, Canada; this being the only tractor built
entirely in Western Canada.

There were quite a number of things against the success of this
tractor, particularly bad crops and low prices for wheat, along
with a great number of farmers reverting back to horsepower.

The idea of a wooden spoke in the drive wheels and a wooden beam
for a frame did not pan out so well on account of the dryness of
the atmosphere in the west, as they shrunk and cracked thus causing
excessive looseness and misalignment of respective members.
Augmenting the general attention given to tractors of its day.

This tractor was built at Medicine Hat, by the Alberta Foundry
and Machine Company, Limited, and managed by the late J. E.
Davies.

The Alberta Foundry and Machine Company, Ltd., had taken the
building of these tractors from plans submitted by R. B.
Hartsbough, a promoter from Minneapolis and a man with years of
experience, and one who had built one of the first successful gas
tractors in the United States.

Everything was made locally for this tractor with the exception
of the crankshaft, camshaft, valves, and of course the spark plugs
and the necessary electrical equipment.

Today the Alberta Foundry Co., is a flourishing concern under
the management of E. E. Heckbert, manufacturing irrigation gates,
land packers and many other items.

Leaving with us today in the Western Development Museum at North
Battle ford, Saskatchewan, one of the Canadian Tractors as a mile
stone in our western development.

Farm Collector Magazine
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Dedicated to the Preservation of Vintage Farm Equipment