The Education of a New Engineer

4745 Glenway Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio 45238-4537

The sight of Dan Warren, Case expert from White Pigeon,
Michigan, shouting at me will remind me not to make a certain
serious mistake. On July 19, 1997,1 was exhibiting my 65-horsepower
Case engine, Serial Number 35654, at the Will County
Threshermen’s Association reunion when Dan strode toward me,
his voice raised.

I am a novice when it comes to running an engine. By that
Saturday, I had conquered the jitters I had felt when the show
opened on Thursday and was confidently guiding my Case around the
grounds. This was only the second time I had exhibited my engine
and the first time 1 had worked the levers. In 1996, at the Central
States Threshermen’s Reunion near Pontiac, Illinois, I had
simply observed while steam experts John and Jim Haley put my Case
through her motions. The Haleys had completed major restoration
work on my engine at their shop near Odell, Illinois, and were
interested in seeing how well she would perform. I watched and
learned. In 1997, at the Will County thresheree, I did more than
observe; I ran the engine.

With the help of Mike Garity of Plainfield, Illinois, I drove
around the grounds. Along the crest of the hill, giant oaks
overhung the line of parked engines. The flea market was spread
like a picnic in the dappled shadows of the woods beyond.
‘Spectacular’ was the best word to describe the view of the
valley with its wheat fields. There, a thresher was belted to an
engine sending puffs of black smoke toward the horizon. The
postcard-perfect threshing scene recalled the hard but happy

I had fallen into a peaceful feeling which contrasted with the
anxiety of Thursday. On that day, Jim had told me it was time for
me to learn the levers. I knew that the throttle was tight, so I
gave it a strong tug. I thought I destroyed the governor. In an
instant, I had opened the throttle wide, and the nut at the top of
the Judson governor had come loose. Jim closed the throttle before
worse things happened. The governor had just been rebuilt, and the
nut had not been attached securely. Jim repaired and adjusted the
governor while assuring me that I had done nothing wrong.

Earlier that morning, Jerry of Jerry’s Video Productions in
Wichita, Kansas, had called Jim ‘Mr. Steam.’ Sue Haley,
Jim’s wife, laughed when Jerry coined that title, but she
acknowledged that her husband is a steam-engine pro. I felt honored
to be tutored by Mr. Steam, but I made mistakes because I was
afraid I would make mistakes. My nerves were as jumpy as the
governor, and I felt as much pressure as the boiler.

John Haley would not be on hand until Saturday, and Jim could
not attend Friday’s show. On Friday, I would be on my own. Late
Thursday, Jim, taught me what to do before leaving the engine
overnight. At one point, he slowly rotated the crankshaft until the
connecting rod was lined up the way he wanted. ‘What is that
for?’ I asked. ‘Oh, that’s just my signature,’ Jim
said. ‘I always leave my engines with the connecting rod in
that position.’

I said goodbye, drove to Kankakee, devoured a chicken dinner,
and hit the hotel bed. I couldn’t sleep. The next morning, I
would be responsible for a large engine at a public rally. What if
something should go wrong?

Friday dawned hot and humid. I wore new overalls to the showg
rounds. To stifle my rising panic, I sauntered around my Case and
pretended to check this and that hoping I was coming across as one
accustomed to running an engine. Dawn Sommers, an experienced
engineer from Lindenwood, Illinois, brought me to my senses.
‘Your overalls are too clean,’ she said. ‘You need some
grease spots and some dirt.’ Her comments reoriented my
thinking. I was obviously a novice. I could not bluff anyone into
thinking I was a professional steam engineer and had no business
trying to do so. Besides, every engineer was once a novice, and I
would lose no pride in being one now. Little did I suspect,
however, how alarming my novitiate would be.

I told Dawn and her husband Joe, an expert engineer as well as a
Civil War buff, that I would be taking my time to be sure I was
right before doing anything. While I was talking with the Sommers
family, a man named Mike Garity told me he knew how to run a 65
Case. From his conversation, I could tell he was not exaggerating.
I asked if he would help with my engine, and he agreed. Throughout
Friday, he proved he was a conscientious engineer.

I stayed true to my word and moved slowly. As Jim had instructed
me on Thursday, I studied the position of the connecting rod to
know what to expect when working the reverse lever and throttle. I
constantly checked the level of the water in the glass, and I held
the pressure to 125. The boiler never had to pop off. Each time
that the green and white crank-disc spun in response to my command,
I felt a fascination for the mechanical genius which went into
designing such an engine. With the excitement of running my Case, I
barely noticed that the afternoon temperature was 96 degrees with
the humidity also in the high nineties. That evening, lightning,
thunder, wind, and rain brought the show to a temporary halt. On
the way to my hotel, I felt pride that I had made no glaring
mistakes all day. I slept soundly.

Saturday began pleasantly with comfortable temperatures and low
humidity. Dan Warren removed my boiler’s filler-plug pipe
because, on Friday, Mike had noticed a slight sprit zing of steam
there. Dennis Christiansen, whom Album readers will recognize as
the Advance-Rumely man from Peotone, Illinois, brushed plumbing
compound on the threads of the pipe, and Dan replaced the filler
plug. It gave no more trouble. Next, Dan and Joe Sommers began to
repair the governor. On Friday afternoon, steam authority Mark
Offerman of Kankakee, Illinois, had tested my engine on the
sawmill. The Judson had surged so much that the engine had to be
unbelted. Dan and Joe found that, if the speed-regulating hand
screw were opened past a certain point, the governor would become
disconnected. On most governors, the hand screw cannot be turned
that far. Joe and Dan adjusted the governor until it served its

In the parade later that day, I worked the levers while Mike
steered. John Haley was on the grounds and said it looked to him as
though I were handling the engine fine. It took no greater
compliment to boost my self-esteem. Mike and I were guiding the
engine down the hill toward the valley where we were to belt to a
corn sheller. Halfway down the hill, I saw a tractor coming. I
thought the driver would stop to permit us to pass, but he did not.
As he crossed in front, I assumed he might speed up to clear the
way, but he did not do that, either. I suddenly realized that he
was stopping directly in my path. From my vantage point, the
tractor appeared to be about eight to ten feet ahead of my smokebox
door, although the distance probably was greater. I threw the
reverse lever in the center of the quadrant and closed the throttle
to avoid a collision. Either the tractor driver never saw me, or he
thought that my steam engine could stop as easily as his

Thank heaven, I saw and heard Dan Warren. I could see him
striding, almost running, toward me, the wide brim of his straw hat
catching in the wind. He cupped his hands like a megaphone and
shouted, ‘Never stop an engine on a hill! Move it!

In a split second, I remembered that cardinal rule, which I had
memorized when studying turn-of-the-century books for steam
traction engineers. If the boiler is pointed downhill, the water
tends to rush forward, exposing the crown sheet to the intense heat
of the fire. In the best possible scenario under such
circumstances, the crown sheet’s fusible plug of soft metal
will melt, causing the steam and superheated water to flood into
the firebox. In a worse scenario, the crown sheet will blow down.
This and more came back to my recollection instantaneously.

Between five and ten seconds had elapsed from the time the
tractor began to, cross my path until Dan shouted. I yelled at
Mike, ‘Let’s go!’ He cranked the steering wheel hard to
the right while I threw the reverse lever into position and opened
the throttle wide. We missed the tractor.

When the engine was parked on level ground, I jumped off the
platform and walked over to talk to Dan. He tried to apologize for
yelling, but I said, ‘Yell at me all you want! I came over here
to thank you for yelling.’ Dan told me that, in the situation I
had faced, I should have kept the wheels revolving, even if that
had meant backing uphill. Movement in any direction keeps water
sloshing over the crown sheet. I am grateful to Dan for the lesson.
The next time I am tempted to stop the engine pointed downhill, the
memory of Dan Warren shouting at me will keep me and others

Aside from my lapse of good judgment, I enjoyed the Will County
show. Years from now, I will recall it with the nostalgia we always
feel for the first time we tried and for the most part

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