THREE NYC LOCOMOTIVES TO TRANSPORT MUSEUM


| March/April 1964



President Alfred E. Perlman of the New York Central System dedicated a permanent display of three historic locomotives for the National Museum of Transport in ceremonies at the St. Louis Union Station June 13, 1963.

At a luncheon attended by business and civic leaders, Mr. Perlman pointed out that the locomotives span over half a century of development. The oldest is the Boston & Albany No. 39 built in 1876, one of a famous breed called 'Eddy Clocks' after their creator, Wilson Eddy. Some 100 locomotives of this general design built during the period 1852-1881 became known for clock-like mechanical precision. This survivor, numbered '39' and named 'Marmora', was retired in the mid-1890's and served for the next decade as a stationary boiler, bricked up in the basement of the B & A station at Worchester, Massachusetts. The New York Central rescued the relic in 1907 for the Railway Museum at Purdue University. In 1951, the Purdue Collection was transferred to the National Museum of Transport at St. Louis.

Central and Museum officials were surprised to find that old No. 39 had never been officially dedicated to public view in these 56 years.

The two newcomers to the National Museum of Transport are electric locomotive No. 113 and steam locomotive No. 2933.

No. 113 is one of the S-2 class of thirty-four electric locomotives built in 1906 by the American Locomotive Company in conjunction with the General Electric Company for service in the area electrified from Grand Central Station to Harmon after the turn of the century. Larger more powerful electric locomotives gradually displaced the S-2's to switching service between Grand Central and the Mott Haven coach yards.

No. 113 is of the group that was the prototype for Lionel and Ives toy electric locomotives, perhaps reproduced in greater quantity than any other single design. There was scarcely an American boy in the 1910-1930 era who either did not have or did not aspire to possessing a 'tinplate' copy of Class S-2.