Rt.1, Box 3-A, Yacolt, Washington
THE ATTACHED PICTURES show the machinery used in threshing loose grain in the State of Washington before the combine took over.
The grain was cut by headers and placed in long stacks end-to-end between which was placed the derrick table. From this 10'xl6' table, 3 poles were set, one from front center and one each from the rear end corners. At the peak where these poles were fastened 2 pulleys were suspended in which the derrick cables ran, permitting the manual dumping derrick forks to deposit the grain on the table in reach of the 'Hoe Downs', the 2 men who raked the grain into the portable conveyor. This conveyor deposited the grain in the short feeder which took it to the cylinder.
If it was a big setting, four or more stacks were placed so the separator could, be set between them and when two of the stacks were finished the derrick table and conveyor were. transferred to the other side and the threshing resumed without a change in separator setting.
The 'Forkers,' usually two in number, (however 3 were sometimes used in big outfits) who operated the fourtined forks kept his stack level as each layer was removed. Each layer was of a depth determined by the length of the fork tines.
A good 'forker' was appreciated by the 'hoe downs' for by his dumping the grain at the proper place their work was made easier. Theirs was a constant job and usually a spare man or set of hoe downs were used to spell them.