The International 460 and the Evolution of Red Tractors

The International 460 continued the forward progress of the International Harvester Company product line.


| February 2014



International 460

The Farmall 460 featured a six-cylinder engine previously used in IH crawlers, as well as a host of new features and improvements, including the new square styling.

Photo by Mark Jenson

Red Tractors 1958-2013 (Octane Press, 2013) is an authoritative and unparalleled look at the tractors built by International Harvester Company and Case IH. Author Lee Klancher leads a research team that has collected more than 380 pages and 700 images, documenting these beloved machines built in America and abroad. In this multi-part series, Farm Collector shares the first chapter of Red Tractor, "1958-1959 The Hinsdale Connection". Continuing from The Next Generation of Red Tractors: The 40 and 60 Series, this excerpt highlights the Farmall International 460, Farmall 560, and International 660.

You can purchase this book from the Farm Collector store: Red Tractors 1958-2013.

International 460

The Farmall 460 was the smallest of the six-cylinder tractors in the new line, rated for four plows. It was available in gasoline, diesel, LP, kerosene, and distillate versions. The 460 replaced the Farmall 350, but in addition to a six-cylinder engine it had redesigned sheet metal and very different hydraulics. The diesel had a direct-start system and was built by IH, unlike the 350’s Continental direct-start diesel or other IHC start-on-gas diesels. The 460 suffered through the differential recall issues, and the diesel had a reputation for being hard to start on cold days.

The 460 Cotton Harvester was equipped with the gear drive higher drop housing (as opposed to the High Clear’s chain drive) and was usually shipped with the platform to allow reverse operation. The tractor was also equipped with a high single front wheel for cotton-picker operation, although usually another front-axle operation was available for normal use when not in the cotton field. IH offered factory-built cotton-harvester tractors as well as conversion packages.

The Farmall 460 was also available in a High Clear version for sugarcane and other specialty growers, and for use by other manufacturers as a platform for other machinery. The 460 showed up in a lot of bean pickers and blacktop pavers. The 460 High Clear had chain-driven final drives and a high-arch front axle.

The International 460 Utility replaced the 350 Utility, sharing the same six-cylinder engine and powertrain as the Farmall 460. The tractor’s layout made it the base of several optional models, proved popular as a loader tractor, and paved the way for more popular higher-power utility models. The Utility was available with a diesel or carbureted engine, the latter available in gasoline, LP, kerosene, and distillate versions. IH advertised that the International 460 weighed 1,000 pounds more than its competition, which obviated the need for additional weights and gave it better traction performance.