Letters to the Editor

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The picture of the “corn binder-clover harvester” (Farm
, March 2005, page 4) is actually of a reaper. The
reaper was invented by Cyrus McCormick to cut grains or other
crops. He had a working model in 1831, and patented his design in
1834. Although farmers were slow to change their methods, by the
mid-1840s the reaper caught on. Before that time, grain was cut
with a sickle, then a scythe.

We are involved with a threshing show that has a restored reaper
on display. Due to the fact that we are located in northern
Minnesota and have snow on the ground, we can’t get a picture right
now. However, the unit shown in the March issue is not complete:
There should be a seat for the driver behind the wheel. In our
area, the reaper was used to cut white grains, but it could be used
to cut clover, flax or whatever. A man still had to walk after the
reaper and tie the grain into bundles. When the binder was
invented, the reaper was no longer used.

Melroy and Avis Wiskow
Strathcona, Minn.

On page 4 of the March 2005 issue is a picture of a “fan”
reaper. I not only have one of these in my museum but I have
personally cut many acres of oats with it. Every farmer in northern
New York and New England used them in the late-1800s and up to the
1930s. Grain binders were rarely used on the small hilly fields of
the northeast.

Richard McGuire
Scotch Hill Road
Cambridge, NY 12816
(518) 854-3143

In regards to Howard Olson’s rare implement, I’m enclosing a
photo (above) of one being used in about 1947. It looks to me as if
the man is cutting oats or hay of some kind. My dad, Joseph Klein,
is standing on the right. I don’t know who the operator is, or
where the photo was taken.

Maynard R. Klein
834 Sherman
Casnovia, MI 49318

The picture and question from a reader (Farm Collector,
January 2005, page 4; March 2005, page 4) caught my attention for
two reasons. The picture is of a beautifully preserved reaper,
while the headline asks for information on corn binders. Subsequent
letters have identified the machine as a clover harvester. Although
reapers were not widely used after the invention and perfection of
the binder, they continued to be manufactured and sold at least
until 1938 (a Deering reaper was offered until that time). Much of
the later use of reapers was for specialty crops that did not lend
themselves readily to the use of a binder (clover seed would
probably be a good example).

The second reason I especially noticed this item was the
manufacturer. The name “Wyckoff & Tuttle” was familiar to me,
but I have not been able to remember why. However, a little
investigation has revealed that by 1899, the (presumably) same firm
was known as the Wyckoff Harvester Co., and was located in
Jamestown, N.Y. The product line at that time included Wyckoff
mowers and binders, and Perry Royce reapers. By 1901, the firm
seems to have disappeared, probably a casualty of the “Harvester

During the last half of the 19th century, there were dozens, if
not hundreds, of manufacturers of reapers and binders. Most of them
disappeared in the last part of the century, during the period of
the “Harvester Wars.” These wars cost the larger manufacturers huge
sums of money, and destroyed most of the smaller companies.

Bill Reedy
Brandon, Iowa

Farm Collector Magazine
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Dedicated to the Preservation of Vintage Farm Equipment