Not for KOOKS Only

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Left: Sugar nipper used to cut block sugar
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Below: Mastellar automatic lemon squeezer (1906).
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Above: Jennings County Historical Society Museum, home to much of the Tempest collection.Left: Arcade lemon squeezer, patented 1873.Above: G.W. “George Washington” Williams lemon squeezer, dating to 1873.
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Above: Holborn lemon squeezer dating to the Victorian era. “When our kids were little, we kept a squeezer and lemons on the counter, and they’d make lemonade,” Dave Tempest says.
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Above: E.M. Sammis lemon squeezer, 1873.
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Right: An Ezy raisin seeder.
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Above: A cherry seeder patented in 1863. “There never was a cherry seeder that worked right,” Dave Tempest says. “Some were really elaborate; you wouldn’t believe what went into some of them.”
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Right: An 1890 Athol mincemeat chopper.
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Below: Very elaborate early (circa 1700) gate lock.
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Above: A display of lemon squeezers at the Jennings County Historical Society’s North American House Museum at Vernon, Ind.Left: Clockworks spit jack.
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Left: Janet and Dave Tempest.

I was marveling over Dave and Janet Tempest’s
wonderful display of more than 150 apple peelers and more than 50
sets of egg scales at last summer’s Rushville (Ind.) Pioneer
Engineers show, when Dave asked if I had ever seen a raisin seeder.
I didn’t want to admit that I had never even heard of a raisin
seeder! Dave, who lives at Scipio, Ind., has a large collection of
these early wonders. Most are rare, unusual and, because of their
scarcity, quite pricey. They’re less rare, perhaps, to KOOKS:
Kollectors of Old Kitchen Stuff.

I got a closer look at raisin seeders (and a lot more!) when I
visited the Jennings County Historical Society’s North American
House Museum at Vernon, Ind. Dave and Janet Tempest are strong
supporters of the historical society, and many of the couple’s
collectibles are displayed at the museum.

The collection there is so vast that at first I was overwhelmed
by the quantity of items. Dave helped me get my focus back by
showing me his collection of blacksmith-made, wrought iron items.
“If a blacksmith made it, and it is original,” he says, “I am
attracted to it. I like things that are very old and unusual.”

His criteria of “very old and unusual” is an understatement. His
collection includes a wrought iron mole trap, sawtooth and chain
fireplace trammels (used to raise and lower cooking pots in the old
walk-in fire-places), clay pipe drier, pot pusher, crown hooks (to
use in hanging meat), a kettle tipper (to trip the pot hanging in
the fireplace), fat lamps, coffee grinders, tobacco cutters, sugar
cutters, game roaster, waffle irons, tin kitchen (a set of skewers
used to cook meat, rotisserie-style, in a fireplace) and a gate
lock dating to the early 1700s.

Among Dave’s favorite pieces is an 1890 double two-quart butter
churn made by a blacksmith for his wife. The churn actually
hammered down on the floor with every revolution of the handle.
“What a peaceful gift for a blacksmith’s wife,” Dave says with a
smile.

Early blacksmiths apparently tried their hand at almost
anything. “Years ago, in rural areas, when you couldn’t afford to
buy something, you’d go to the blacksmith,” Dave explains. “You’d
tell him what you wanted, and he’d make it, and it would cost less
than buying it at a store.” Pride played into it as well. “Back
then, a lot of it was art,” he adds. “Part of being a good
blacksmith was that you wanted people to talk about your work, how
good it was.”

A big part of Dave’s collection is lemon squeezers. Dating to
the early 1800s, the devices are ingenious and varied in design.
One features a bust of George Washington surrounded by 13 stars
(representing the 13 American colonies). Another, made of nickled
cast iron, is covered with elaborate artwork depicting fruit-laden
lemon trees. Another is a classic example of multi-tasking: It not
only squeezed the lemon, but also cut it in quarters and had a
nutcracker function as well.

Squeezers like these were used from about 1890 to 1940. Many
were used in restaurants and cafes, Dave says. “Anything on legs
was probably a commercial piece.”

Soon, though, I had to see the item that brought me to the
museum in the first place: the raisin seeder. This very dainty tool
actually pushed seeds from a raisin, working like an early cherry
pitter, yielding a seedless raisin. Dave’s collection includes 10
raisin seeders, an amazing number to me, but he noted that a
friend’s collection includes as many as 30.

You may be wondering why you’ve never picked a seed out of a
raisin. According to Dave, seedless grapes have only been around
for about 100 years. “Before 1900, they dried the grapes and then
had to seed every one, one at a time,” he says. “To make a raisin
cream pie was truly a labor of love!” Raisin seeders, he says, were
probably only used for about 10 years, roughly 1890-1900.

Butter churns also show up in Dave’s collection. He has a Funks
Champion churn dating to 1880. Crafted of poplar and maple with an
oak handle, even the churn’s dasher is made of wood.

Dave’s collection began about 17 years ago when he saw a
friend’s collection of apple peelers. “I used to work at a machine
shop,” he says, “and I just could not believe that somebody
invented a complicated machine to do what you could do with a
pocket knife. They’re very elaborate machines, with more gears than
you can imagine!”

In no time, he had the start of a collection. A friend
encouraged him to attend an apple peeler convention, and bring his
collection. “Well, I had 12 different peelers,” Dave recalls. “I’m
thinking, ‘They’re just going to die when they see that many
different peelers!’ So I went to the convention, and the guy at the
first table I saw had 300 different peelers. I just put mine away.
But it inspired me: I found 50 different peelers in my first year
of collecting.”

The apple peeler’s heyday was from 1850-80, Dave says, when
there were probably 300-400 manufacturers. In that era, when apples
were a nearly universal staple, apple peelers were prized
possessions. “Most every farm you see has a half dozen apple
trees,” Dave notes. “My grandmother said the peelers saved women so
much work, that they wouldn’t even let the kids touch them.” Maybe
that’s why, he says, peelers are so often found in such good
condition.

Condition influences prices, which are often already high. “The
cost has slowed me down quite a bit,” Dave says. “When I started
collecting apple peelers, I was one of the first to pay $50 for a
peeler. Now it’s nothing to see them sell from $300-400 up to
$8,000.”

Dave enjoys uncovering connections to his collection. His 1890
Athol mincemeat chopper, for instance, was manufactured by Starrett
Manufacturing Co., Athol, Mass. Starrett remains in business today,
well-known as a quality manufacturer of precision measuring
instruments for machinists and engineers. In exceptionally good
working condition for a piece more than 100 years old, the chopper
was carefully designed. An arm projecting from the chopper’s side
wheel moves the platform in the copper chopper drum very
accurately. “Truly a Starrett precision tool,” Dave notes.

A Clockworks spit jack is among the most prized and rare pieces
in Dave’s collection. Dating to the late 1600s or early 1700s, the
spit jack was used to turn a meat-laden spit over a cooking fire.
Two large gears on the piece were hand-forged and shaped by a
blacksmith. “And he hand-cut every one of the teeth on those
gears,” Dave marvels. “It’s still amazing to me to see it operate.”
Dave doesn’t know where it was made (it could have been made in
England, he speculates, or possibly by a colonial smith), but he
does know it’s special. “It’s unbelievably rare,” he says.

Dave’s wife and children (now grown) have been closely involved
in his hobby. “It’s been interesting and a lot of fun,” he says.
“We just did it together.” New collectors, he says, should get
involved with KOOKS (Kollectors of Old Kitchen Stuff) and the Apple
Parers Society. “If you’re thinking about collecting this stuff,
get around a bunch of people who know all about it, and who can
help you get started.”

Bob Crowell lives in Batesville, Ind. He and his wife,
Linda, represent
Farm Collector, Gas Engine Magazine
and Steam Traction at antique tractor shows throughout
Indiana.

For more information:

? Dave and Janet Tempest, 7735 W. 500 N., Scipio, IN 47273;
e-mail: dltempest@seidata.com

? Jennings County Historical Society Museum, Blacksmith Shop and
Gift Shop, P.O. Box 335, Vernon, IN 47282; (812) 346 8989; open
Monday through Thursday (except holidays), 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. No fee
for admission; donations welcome. www.jenningscohs.org

? Kollectors of Old Kitchen Stuff (KOOKS): Paul Smith, 1607 W.
Park, Harlan, IA 51537; (712) 755-2225; e-mail:
psmith1@harlannet.com

? International Society for Apple Parer Enthusiasts, G.W.
Laverty, 735 Cedarwood Terrace, Apt. 735B, Rochester, NY 14609;
(716) 654-6998.

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