Operating Costs of a Traction Engine

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This is the last engine I had, an Advance 21hp.

Salina, Kansas

(‘J. B. Duryea’ is substituted for subject’s name in
this sketch.)

Mr. Duryea, who lived in Leaven-worth Co., Kansas, near Kansas
City, went to the Kansas City Branch House of Advance Thresher Co.
in 1904, and bought an Advance rebuilt 18hp compound engine and a
new Advance 36-60 fully equipped separator, with a geared wind
stacker attached. The machinery was shipped to Rooks Co., Kansas.
The south half of Rooks Co. was my territory. Advance Thresher
wrote me, ‘to see that Mr. Duryea received proper

An Advance Separator was fast, heavy in the belt, on the
drawbar, and a heavy load for a 22hp engine. Mr. Duryea was sold or
bought too small an engine, but at that time Advance Thresher
Company and other threshing machine companies had been selling
36-60 separators fully equipped to 15 and 16hp engines. All were
heavily loaded. There was a difference operating a 16hp engine
doing a 22hp load and a 25hp doing a 20hp load. Firebox and all
other troubles developed more quickly, especially in hard water, in
an engine, with insufficient power, and with an overloaded engine
there can be no ‘hook-up’ without a sacrifice of power.

A 16 was considered a large engine, as late as 1903. Copies of
Chattel Mortgage Records, covering two 16hp Advance engines are
submitted as evidence Advance 16hp engines were sold to 36 – 60
separators, fully equipped in 1900.

A copy of a Chattel Mortgage Record, covering Advance 16hp
engine 5328 was recorded in Lincoln County, Kansas, June 21,

A copy of a Chattel Mortgage Record, covering Advance 16hp
engine 5343 was recorded June 24, 1900 in Lincoln County,

Advance engine 5328 drove its old separator the 1900-01-02-03
and 04 seasons. Zach Hayden, a good engine man, operated it in 1903
and 1904.

Advance engine 5343 drove the old separator through the 1900 –
06 seasons and a new 36′ separator in 1907, before being traded
in 1908.

Lue Glick, a good operator, hauled that heavy separator through
the ploughed fields and over the hills of the Saline River and Hell
Creek several years.

A copy of a Chattel Mortgage, covering Advance 18hp compound
7553 was recorded in Lincoln County, Kansas, July 13, 1903. That
was the first engine I sold for Advance Thresher Company, the first
of 41 compounds and the largest engine I sold in 1903. That engine
drove 36′ separators 7 seasons before it was traded in 1910,
for new 21hp compound No. 11925.


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