Pristine Birdsall Portable Steam Engine

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Ross Bendizen's circa-1890 6 HP Birdsall sits patiently in his driveway, awaiting final certification for public display.
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The 1890 6 HP Birdsall's engine is a thing of beauty.
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The hand-shaped wooden insulation plates for the 1890 6 HP Birdsall's boiler still show evidence of their construction, with pencil marks and greasy hand prints still visible.
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A beautiful engine from any angle, Ross Bendixen's 1890 6 HP Birdsall portable is a unique engine, remarkable for its originality.
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Firebox on the Birdsall. Ross is waiting for state certification in Washington before he plans on displaying the Birdsall publicly.
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The Birdsall's Waters' steam governor.
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Frontal view of the Birdsall. Ross is waiting for state certification in Washington before he plans on displaying the Birdsall publicly.
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The original brass Buckeye steam whistle.
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Owner Ross Bendixen tending to the Birdsall during a test fire at his home.

Neighbors of Ross Bendixen in the town of Sammamish, Wash., are becoming accustomed to the shrill sound of a Buckeye brass steam whistle blasting on the weekends. Ross acquired a rare and well-preserved 6 HP Birdsall portable steam engine last summer, and the neighborhood hasn’t been the same since.

Birdsall History

The Birdsall Company of Auburn, N.Y., manufactured this portable steam engine in 1890. Founded in Penn Yan, N.Y., by Hiram and Edgar M. Birdsall in 1860, the company originally manufactured threshing machinery and horse-powered implements. In 1874 Birdsall began manufacturing portable steam engines, and in 1881 the company moved to Auburn, N.Y. At this time Birdsall also introduced a steam traction engine. Birdsall reorganized under new management in 1886, but the company closed shop in 1893. There are indications the company operated at some point in Newark, N.Y., a small town roughly 50 miles northwest of Auburn.

In 1929 Henry Ford purchased this portable steam engine for the Edison Institute, and displayed the engine in the Henry Ford Museum & Greenfield Village in Dearborn, Mich., until 1985. At that time, it was sold at auction. Records from the museum say it was sold due to the museum’s possession of a second Birdsall, making this engine “redundant.”

Originally drawn by horses, these engines were used to power saw mills, shingle mills, threshing machines, dynamos, pumps and even overhead line shafting. Ross bought the Birdsall from Charles Chiarchiaro of Waldoboro, Maine. Kiwi Carriers transported the Birdsall from Maine to Sammamish, arriving on Aug. 14, 2001.

Since then, Ross has spent many hours cleaning, sanding and painting the Birdsall. Broken bolts needed replacing, so he machined original style “high crown” bolts on his South Bend lathe. Disassembly of the cylinder jacket on the engine revealed hand-carved wooden insulation parts, complete with greasy fingerprints and pencil markings from the workman who made them 111 years ago.

Despite searching on the Internet and browsing through past issues of Iron-Men Album (back to 1966), Ross has had little luck finding information on the Birdsall Company or the Birdsall portable steam engine. Jack Norbeck’s Encyclopedia of American Steam Traction Engines does include a photo and caption of a similar Birdsall portable steam engine on page 31. Any additional resources on the Birdsall or Birdsall Company would be of great interest.

Ross has run the engine six or seven times, but as yet it has not been displayed publicly. Hoping to display and operate the portable steam engine at public events, Ross is seeking certification of the boiler through the state of Washington. He would like to use it to run a saw mill. If certification is granted, soon an even larger community could be hearing the old fashioned sound of the Birdsall’s Buckeye steam whistle.

Technical Details Birdsall Portable Steam Engine

This is a truly fine example of a circa 1890 6 HP American portable steam engine. The engine appears to be in very close to new condition, with no sign of use other than for display purposes. When acquired from the Ford Museum there was no sign that the engine had been fired, and it was possibly acquired by Ford in such condition. It came complete with the original maple wheel chocks used while on display in the Ford Museum.


The Birdsall portable is a horizontal slide-valve steam engine side-mounted on the boiler. Engine speed is regulated by a Waters’ steam governor originally patented in 1871. The boiler has been hydrostatically tested at 150 psi and has been recently run on 75-100 psi steam. The maker, Birdsall of Auburn, N.Y., incorporated the finest of appointments, and details include:

  • A boiler-mounted slide-valve steam engine with a single Russia Iron jacketed cylinder of approximately 5-inch diameter bore by 8-inch stroke.
  • Polished cylinder heads, side-mounted valve chest, ornate brass cylinder drip valves with common lever, ornate double-tapered connecting rod with finely gibbed and cottered large and small ends.
  • A 36-inch diameter flywheel with an 8-inch face and ornate spokes.
  • Frame-incorporated tunnel-type crosshead guides.
  • Original brass tallow cup oilers, displacement cylinder oiler.
  • Penberthy feed water injector with check valve and piping.
  • Original main steam valve, blow down valve, feed water valve.
  • Brass Lonergan safety valve set for 100 psi.
  • Original 2-1/2-inch diameter by 12-1/2-inch Buckeye brass steam whistle, original whistle pull.
  • Hinged fire box door, hinged draft/ashpit door, original grates, tube sheet and 1-1/2-inch diameter flues, which all appear to exhibit minimal cosmetic wear.
  • Firebox with four lower 2-inch NPT clean out plugs, single top-mounted clean out plug and a 7-inch oval hand hole inspection cover located above the fire door.
  • Lever-operated shaker grates in exceptional condition for wood or coal operation.
  • Original twin brass water level cocks, water level glass.
  • Overall length from front to rear wheel rim is 10 feet.
  • Rear wheel diameter is 53-inch, front wheel diameter 38-inch, width over the axles 68-inch, all in exceptional condition with heavy hubs and original spokes, heavy front axle with original tree hardware (the wood single pole is a replacement).
  • The Birdsall also features a riveted and hinged smoke stack with spark arrestor, the smoke box is in fine condition, with hinged cast door with makers name, and the original cast iron seat assembly with foot rest. The complete seat assembly is designed for easy removal.
  • Working lever-operated brake system with quad-rant-and-pawl arrangement activated from sitting position, original oak brake shoes which make contact with rims of rear wheels.
  • The boiler is of heavy construction with double-riveted horizontal seams. The rivets are without hammer marks and, in fact, it is hard to find wrench marks on any part of this engine. Beautifully riveted steam dome with valve and piping for inner smoke box draft inducer. Overall height to top of smoke stack is 9-foot fully extended.

Contact steam enthusiasts Ross and Cindy Bendixen at: 1611 E. Lk. Sammamish Pkwy. NE, Sammamish, WA 98074 

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